A retrospective study of Uncinaria stenocephala in domestic dogs: Age, sex distribution, and risk factors

Shchelkanov M.Yu., Tabakaeva T.V., Fomenko P.V., Kim E.M., Tabakaev A.V., Galkina I.V.

В журнале Veterinary World

Год: 2021 Том: 14 Номер: 1 Страницы: 265-269

Background and Aim: Uncinaria infection is often appeared in domestic dogs. In present study the results of parasitological examination of faecal samples from 782 dogs were analyzed for presence of Uncinaria stenocephala Materials and Methods: Faecal samples were analyzed using a standardized flotation method with a saturated salt solution containing NaNo3 (specific gravity 1.38) with centrifugation step. Results: Highest prevalence rates were found in young dogs (8.3%), follow in puppies (5.4%); the least prevalence rates were found in dogs elder than 3 years (4.3%). The prevalence was 5.8% in female and 7.2% in male dogs. Co-infections with roundworms and protozoan parasites were frequently observed in U. stenocephala positive dogs (15%). Totally 3 types of co-infections were registered: co-infection U.stenocephala + Sarcocystidae oocyst was registered in 19.1% dogs (n=10). This data can relate to higher prevalence rates of Sarcocystidae oocyst in dogs (n=153; 19.5%). Totally two cases of co-infection U. stenocephala+ Toxocara canis were detected (3.9%), this can relate with low prevalence of T. canis (3.9 %). One case of co-infection Dipylidium caninum+U. stenocephala (0.1%) was also appeared. infections. Conclusion: Present study showed that male dogs and puppies are most susceptible for Uncinaria stenocephala infection.

DOI 10.14202/vetworld.2021.265-269

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