Characterization and Phylodynamics of Reassortant H12Nx Viruses in Northern Eurasia

Sharshov K., Mine J., Sobolev I., Kurskaya O., Dubovitskiy N., Kabilov M., Alikina T., Nakayama M., Tsunekuni R., Derko A., Prokopyeva E., Alekseev A., Shchelkanov M., Druzyaka A., Gadzhiev A., Uchida Yu., Shestopalov A., Saito T.

В журнале Microorganisms

Год: 2019 Том: 7 Номер: 12 ArticleID: 643

Wild waterfowl birds are known to be the main reservoir for a variety of avian influenza viruses of different subtypes. Some subtypes, such as H2Nx, H8Nx, H12Nx, and H14Nx, occur relatively rarely in nature. During 10-year long-term surveillance, we isolated five rare H12N5 and one H12N2 viruses in three different distinct geographic regions of Northern Eurasia and studied their characteristics. H12N2 from the Far East region was a double reassortant containing hemagglutinin (HA), non-structural (NS) and nucleoprotein (NP) segments of the American lineage and others from the classical Eurasian avian-like lineage. H12N5 viruses contain Eurasian lineage segments. We suggest a phylogeographical scheme for reassortment events associated with geographical groups of aquatic birds and their migration flyways. The H12N2 virus is of particular interest as this subtype has been found in common teal in the Russian Far East region, and it has a strong relation to North American avian influenza virus lineages, clearly showing that viral exchange of segments between the two continents does occur. Our results emphasize the importance of Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) surveillance in Northern Eurasia for the annual screening of virus characteristics, including the genetic constellation of rare virus subtypes, to understand the evolutionary ecology of AIV.

DOI 10.3390/microorganisms7120643

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