Activation of anthraquinone biosynthesis in long-cultured callus culture of Rubia cordifolia transformed with the rolA plant oncogene

Veremeichik G.N., Bulgakov V.P., Shkryl Y.N., Silantieva S.A., Makhazen D.S., Tchernoded G.K., Mischenko N.P., Fedoreyev S.A., Vasileva E.A.

В журнале Journal of Biotechnology

Год: 2019 Том: 306 Страницы: 38-46

The RolA protein belongs to the RolB class of plant T-DNA oncogenes, and shares structural similarity with the papilloma virus E2 DNA-binding domain. It has potentially as an inducer of plant secondary metabolism, although its role in biotechnology has yet to be realised. In this investigation, a Rubia cordifolia callus culture transformed with the rolA plant oncogene for more than 10 years was analysed. Expression of the rolA gene in the callus line was stable during long-term cultivation, and growth parameters were both elevated and stable, exceeding those of the non-transformed control culture. The rolA-transformed calli not only demonstrated remarkably stable growth, but also the ability to increase the yield of anthraquinones (AQs) in long-term cultivation. After ten years of cultivating rolA callus lines, we observed an activation of AQ biosynthesis from 200 mg/l to 874 mg/l. The increase was mainly due to activation of ruberitrinic acid biosynthesis. The expression of key AQ biosynthesis genes was strongly activated in rolA-transgenic calli. We compared the effects of the rolA gene with those of the rolB gene, which was previously considered the most potent inducer of secondary metabolism, and showed that rolA was more productive under conditions of long-term cultivation.

DOI 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2019.09.007