Biota and Environment of Natural Areas

Chelomina G.N.

Phylogenomics (short review)

Year: 2023, Number: 2, Pages: 83-99

Phylogenomics covers various areas of research at the intersection of molecular and evolutionary biology, and in a broad sense can be considered as the science of the reconstruction of life on Earth. This paper provides a brief overview of the achievements of phylogenomics, including historical background, research approaches and methods, and specifi c examples, focusing on molecular phylogenies (for diff erent taxonomic levels, from the global tree of eukaryotes to a single family or genus), evolutionary adaptation of species (for example, to life on land, to a predatory, daytime and nocturnal lifestyle), origin and evolution of innovations (such as arachnoid spheres, stomata, acoustic communications), and also horizontal gene transfer in animals and plants.

DOI: 10.25221/2782-1978_2023_2_6

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