Biota and Environment of Natural Areas

Zharikova E.A.

The diversity and basic properties of soils of the southern part of the Far Eastern Marine Biosphere Reserve

Year: 2021, Number: 2, Pages: 25-48

This work describes eight soil types belonging to four orders in this region, along with their morphology and physicochemical properties. The soil cover of the studied area is formed under diverse plant association in different geomorphic conditions and variegated parent materials. A relatively small area revealed a range of soils from underdeveloped to relic. Several major pedogenic processes predominate: humus-accumulative and illuvial-humus processes, argillization and gleying. Typical and gleyic gray-humus soils and humus psammozem are formed on low coastal sea terraces. Medium elevation poorly drained sea terraces and the middle of the slope are occupied by typical dark-humus soils, dark-humus burozems аnd dark-humus illuvial-humus burozems. Typical burozems and dark-humus litozems occupy small outliers and hills. All soils are well humified, the soil reaction varies from strongly acidic to neutral. Calcium predominates in the soil exchange complex. The study also revealed an increased sodium content in the soil. Most of the soils are potentially highly fertile according to their agrochemical characteristics. Anthropogenic and ornithogenic impact on soils result in a change in their elemental composition, such as phosphating (both surface and buried horizons), increased content of calcium, magnesium, iron and manganese.

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