Biota and Environment of Natural Areas

Tereshkina O.V., Ruchin A.B., Khapugin A.A., Grishutkin O.G., Grishutkin G.F., Ershkova E.V., Tereshkin S.A., Esin M.N.

Mordovia State Nature Reserve: 85-years’ history of nature research and conservation

Year: 2020, Number: 3, Pages: 41-125

Mordovia State Nature Reserve was founded on 5 March 1936 to protect and restore the forest systems at the south edge of taiga zone. This area is characterised by participation of spruce forest patches, and have soil and water conservation significance. The Mordovia State Nature Reserve is located in the Temnikov district, Republic of Mordovia. Its area is 32162 km2. In the Mordovia State Nature Reserve, the following biological diversity is represented: 446 algal taxa, 270 aphyllophoroid fungi species, 361 species of lichens and systematically related non-lichenized lichenophilic and saprotrophic fungi, 179 bryophyte species, 819 vascular plant species, 5076 species of invertebrate animals (incl. 58 Rhizopoda species, one species of Porifera, 76 Platyhelminth species, 67 Nematoda speces, four Annelida species, one species of Acanthocephala, 62 mollusk species, one Bryozoa species, 80 Rotifera species, and 7087 arthropod species) and 332 species of vertebrate animals (incl. 33 fish species, 11 amphibian species, seven reptile species, 222 bird species, 65 mammal species). In the Mordovia State Nature Reserve, basic research work and scientific-technical activities represent a synthesis of classic principles of nature protection, actual concepts and new least invasive methods of research.

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