Biota and Environment of Natural Areas

Bersenev Yu.I.

Zov Tigra National Park (short review)

Year: 2020, Number: 1, Pages: 125-137

Zov Tigra National Park (Roar of the Tiger National Park) is located in the south-eastern part of Primorye Territory, includes the upper parts of the basins of the Ussuri and Milogradovka rivers, Kievki and the Sikhote-Alin ridge area with spurs. The area of the park is 834898 ha. The National Park was established in 2008 to preserve and restore natural objects, to educate the public about the environment, to develop and implement scientific methods for environmental protection, to implement environmental monitoring, to create conditions for regulated tourism and recreation. The peculiar relief of the territory is due to the complex geological structure, differences in the strength of the rocks. The Sikhote-Alin mountain range, Mount Oblachnaya (1854 m high), different streams and rivers form the main elements of the relief. In the park is the source of the largest river of Primorye — Ussuri. Connection of the valleys of the river. Ussuri and Nizmenka Rivers — the tract of Muta - is a unique place with a width of 6 km. Here the swamp is located on the main ridge of the edge and borders on cliffs and canyons! The most common soils are mountain-forest brown, mountain-taiga illuvial-humus and sod-alluvial soils. Forests occupy 96 % of the park area, more than 40 types of plant communities are extinct. A number of rare and relict plant species are included in the composition of significant communities. The variety of habitat conditions determines the unique richness of the animal world. Here there are about 65 species of mammals, 8 of them are included in the Red Books. There are 239 species of birds, including 35 species listed in the Red Books. Ussuriysky clawed newt is listed in the Red Book of Russia, but is found in the park quite often. Reptiles are represented by 7 species, of which 2 species are included in the Red Data Book of Russia (Korean long-tailed fish and red-backed skid). The national park have an important role in preserving the biodiversity of the south of the Far East and the Amur tiger, in particular. The high conservation status of the park did not allow cutting in the unique forests of the basin of the Milogradovka River and stopped them in the sources of the Ussuri River. In the park there are many picturesque places — the highest in the Primorsky Krai waterfalls, quaint rocks, mountain peaks, exceptional in beauty landscapes.

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