Biota and Environment of Natural Areas

Antonov A.L.

The Diversity of Fish in the Nature Reserve «Bureinskiy»: the Current State, Threats and Ways of Conservation

Year: 2017, Number: 2, Pages: 36-55

During the period from 1993 to 2016 14 species of fish were recorded on the territory of the Bureinsky State Nature Reserve: Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758), Rhynchocypris lagowskii Dybowski, 1869, Rh. perсnurus (Pallas, 1814), Barbatula toni (Dybowski, 1869), Brachymystax lenok (Pallas, 1773), Br. tumensis Mori, 1930, Hucho taimen (Pallas, 1773), Thymallus grubii Dybowski, 1869, Th. baicalolenensis Matveev, Samusenok, Pronin et Tel’pukhovsky, 2005, Thymallus burejensis Antonov, 2004, Lota lota (Linnaeus, 1758), Cottus zsanaga Dybowski, 1869, Сoregonus chadary Dybowski, 1869, Esox reichertii Dybowski, 1869. The last two species were recorded only in 2012. It is assumed that their appearance in the reserve's waters is connected with the influence of the formation reservoir of the Bureyskaya HPP and the climate warming in the basin of the Bureya river. The cenotic diversity of the ichthyofauna of the reserve during the open water period in rivers is represented by three main types of ichthyocenosis: 1) upper and small streams, 2) medium watercourses, 3) large watercourses; for the lakes there are two types: the ichthyocenosis of the mountain lake and the flood plain lake. The main threats to the diversity of fish are indicated, and measures for its protection are proposed.

Full text