Aleynova O.A., Dubrovina A.S., Kiselev K.V.
В журнале Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture
Stilbenes, including trans-resveratrol (3,4′,5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), are known to exert beneficial health effects and contribute to plant biotic stress resistance. Much remains to be discovered about the cell signaling pathways regulating stilbene biosynthesis. It has recently been shown that overexpression of the calcium-dependent protein kinase VaCPK20 gene considerably increased t-resveratrol accumulation in cell cultures of Vitis amurensis. In this study, we analyzed the involvement of other CDPK family members, VaCPK1 and VaCPK26, on stilbene synthesis and biomass production by cell cultures of V. amurensis. We showed that overexpression of the VaCPK1 and 26 genes induced production of stilbenes by 1.7–4.6-fold (for VaCPK1) and by 2.5–6.2-fold (for VaCPK26) in several independently established cell lines compared to the empty vector-transformed control. Using HPLC-UV-MS, we detected five stilbenes in the grape cells: t-resveratrol diglucoside, t-piceid, t-resveratrol, ε- and δ-viniferin. The VaCPK1- and VaCPK26-transformed calli were capable of producing 1.4–3.1 and 1.8–4.9 mg/l of t-resveratrol, respectively (up to 0.4 for and 0.6 mg/g of dry weight for VaCPK26 and VaCPK1, respectively), while the control line synthesized only 0.5 mg/l of t-resveratrol (0.07 mg/g DW). The up-regulation of t-resveratrol production in the VaCPK1- and VaCPK26-overexpressing grape calli correlated with a significant up-regulation of stilbene synthase (STS) gene expression, especially VaSTS7. The data indicate that VaCPK1 and 26 genes, which are close homologues of VaCPK20, are positive regulators of stilbene biosynthesis in grapevine.